Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2009 Jun;12(2):80-87.

Experience in Widow's Bereavement: Q Methodology - Widow Below 2 Years Bereavement

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. sooy@catholic.ac.kr
  • 2Hospice Department, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to identify the types of widow's bereavement experience and understand the nature of it's bereavement by using Q-methodological approach.
METHODS
Contents Q sample included 46 statements obtained from literatures and interviews with 5 widows. P sample consisted of 13 widows who bereaved within 2 years. The data were collected from October 2004 to December 2006 and analyzed using Quanal program.
RESULTS
Two types of widow's experience were found. Type 1 was characterized by loss suffering, and type 2 was characterized by acceptance and adaptation CONCLUSION: Widows were found to experience different types of bereavement. Therefore, bereavement care team should assess the types of suffering pain and provide appropriate care to the widows. Also, need to be developed programs to relieve or prevent suffering of bereavement.

Keyword

Bereavement; Q-method

MeSH Terms

Bereavement
Hospice Care
Stress, Psychological
Widowhood
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