Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2010 Mar;13(1):13-23.

Job Analysis for Role Identification of General Hospice Palliative Nurse

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Medical College, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Hospice Center, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, Kyungpook University, Daegu, Korea.
  • 4College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Social Welfare, Chungju National University, Chungju, Korea.
  • 6Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea. kangka@syu.ac.kr
  • 7Department of Nursing, Sangji University, Wonju, Korea.
  • 8Graduate School of Information in Clinical Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to identify the role of general hospice palliative nurse through job analysis (duties, task, and task elements).
METHODS
The sample consisted of 136 nurses or professors who were performing duties related to hospice care areas in Korea. A survey method was used, and the questionnaire included frequencies, criticality, and difficulties of task elements in job description by the DACUM method. Descriptive statistics were performed by using SPSS WIN 17.0.
RESULTS
The job description of general hospice palliative nurse was identified 8 duties, 36 tasks, and 137 task elements. As for the 8 duties, the average scores of frequency, criticality, and difficulty were 2.94, 3.66, and 2.80, respectively. The role of 'pain assessment' was the most important task element among frequency and criticality. The lowest score at the frequency and criticality were 'manage public finance' and 'collect datum through diagnostic test & lab', respectively. Furthermore, the role of 'identify spiritual needs of patients and family' was the most difficult task, whereas the role of 'manage documents and information' was the least.
CONCLUSION
In this study, we could recognize the reality of general hospice palliative nurse's performances. For general hospice palliative nurse, therefore, concrete practice guide lines of psychosocial and spiritual care, communication skills, and bereavement care with qualifying system are critically needed.

Keyword

Task performance and analysis; Nursing staff; Hospital/organization & administration; Nurse's role

MeSH Terms

Surveys and Questionnaires
Diagnostic Tests, Routine
Hospice Care
Hospices
Humans
Job Description
Korea
Nurse's Role
Nursing Staff
Task Performance and Analysis
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