Korean J Adult Nurs.  2014 Oct;26(5):592-602. 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.5.592.

The Phenomenological Study on the Experiences of Nasogastric Tube Feeding among Cerebral Stoke Patients with Dysphagia

  • 1Graduate School, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea. ywlee@inha.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Baichai University, Daejeon, Korea.


This study was to provide understanding about the meaning of nasogastric tube feeding experiences by the cerebral stoke patients with dysphagia.
Data were collected through a face to face interview from five cerebral stroke patients who had dysphagia along with a nasogastric tube insertion. The contents of the interviews were analyzed using the hermeneutics phenomenological method developed by van Manen.
The experience of having a nasogastric tube was not only limited to physical problems but also was linked to other psychological problems. Many patients reported that they tolerated the nasogastric tube in order to overcome the stroke along with the desire to eventually take food orally. The essential themes associated with the experience of nasogastric tube insertion were: "The loss of pleasure from food", "The loss of human relationship from surrounding table", "Cower and shrink from the different appearance to others" and "Acceptance for life in painful experiences".
This study would highlights the importance of not only physical focused care but also psychological and social aspects. Therefore, nurses should consider all factors when providing nursing care to stroke patient with nasogastric tube feeding.

MeSH Terms

Deglutition Disorders*
Enteral Nutrition*
Intubation, Gastrointestinal
Nursing Care
Qualitative Research


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