Korean Circ J.  2004 Aug;34(8):784-788. 10.4070/kcj.2004.34.8.784.

Correlation between Vascular Compliance and Increase of Blood Pressure on Exercising in Normotensive Group

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, National Police Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Division of Cardiology, Cardiac and Vascular Center, Samsung Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Vascular compliance is known to be decreased in hypertension, even at an early stage. The blood pressure response to exercise reflects the future risk of developing hypertension. A study was performed on the relationship between the vascular compliance and blood pressure response to exercise, to evaluate whether the vascular compliance is decreased in normotensive persons with a relatively higher future risk of developing hypertension.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
The subjects of the study were adults with normal blood pressure (SBP<120 mmHg, DBP<80 mmHg), who had undergone health screening and both echocardiography and treadmill test. Those patients with a history of diabetes mellitus or clinical cardiovascular diseases were excluded form the subjects. An index of overall vascular compliance (SVI/PP) was calculated using echocardiography. The relationship between the peak systolic blood pressure during exercise and vascular compliance was also investigated.
RESULTS
The subjects were 77 patients, 54 male and 23 female, with a mean age of 47.6+/-7.7 years. The measured vascular compliance and average of peak systolic pressure on exercising were 1.08+/-0.24 L/m2/mmHg and 154+/-21 mmHg, respectively. The peak systolic pressure was correlated with the vascular compliance (r=-0.24, p<0.05). The peak systolic pressure at stage 3 was also correlated with the vascular compliance (r=-0.24, p<0.05). This relationship persisted after adjustment for age, gender, basal systolic blood pressure and maximal oxygen consumption (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION
The vascular compliance was lower in subjects with a larger increase in blood pressure during exercise whose basal blood pressure was even below 120/80 mmHg. This finding may suggest that a decreased vascular compliance precedes the changes of hypertension. A longitudinal follow-up study is warranted.

Keyword

Compliance; Treadmill test; Hypertension

MeSH Terms

Adult
Blood Pressure*
Cardiovascular Diseases
Compliance*
Diabetes Mellitus
Echocardiography
Exercise Test
Female
Humans
Hypertension
Male
Mass Screening
Oxygen Consumption
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