J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2000 Apr;7(1):7-15.

Evaluating the Accuracy of Blood Pressure Measurement in General Hospital Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing in Pohang Hospital of Dongguk University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, School of Medicine in Kyungpook National University, Korea.

Abstract

To assess the accuracy of blood pressure measurement in general hospital nurses, 276 nurses at four hospital in Kyungju city and Pohang city were observed during the study period 20 December 1998 to 29 December 1998. The nurses measuring the blood pressure of simulated patient's were checked by the researcher or 20 items, that are recommended for consideration when doing a blood pressure measurement. Of the six items in the preparation step for measuring blood pressure, the accuracy of 'patients shouldn't talk during the procedure' had the lowest frequency(27.1%) and the other five items were above 80%. Of the ten items on blood pressure measuring technique, the accuracy of the frequency for 'inflating the cuff until the radial or brachial artery pulse is no longer palpable and then adding 30mmHg' was 0%, 'waiting 30~60 seconds before reinflating the cuff' was alse 0%, 'rapidly deflating the cuff', 0.3%, 'rapidly and steadily inflating the cuff to the maximal level as per above-mentioned initial systolic pressure assessment step', 0.7%, 'reading the pressure to the nearest 2mmHg mark on the manometer', 10.8%, the remaining items were above 70%. Of the four items on blood pressure recording, the accuracy of 'recording the cuff size' had a frequency of 0.3%, 'recording the patient's position such as sitting, standing or lying position', 10.8%, 'recording the arm or leg which was used for measuring the blood pressure', 53.6%, and 'recording systolic/ diastolic pressure', 100%. The variables significantly related to the accuracy of the blood pressure measurement were age, career, position at hospital, and qualification education for blood pressure measurement(p<0.01). In the multiple regression analysis, position and qualification education were significant variables(p<0.01). In conclusion, the accuracy of blood pressure measurement was very low, thus, qualification education for blood pressure measurement should be done immediately to improve the accuracy of measurement by nurses in general hospitals.

Keyword

Blood pressure; Accuracy of measurement; General hospital nurses

MeSH Terms

Arm
Blood Pressure*
Brachial Artery
Deception
Education
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Hospitals, General*
Leg
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