J Agric Med Community Health.  2010 Dec;35(4):417-427.

Development and Application of Participatory Action Oriented Training(PAOT) for Improvement of Agricultural Working Environment in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Gumi Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Rural Development Administration, Korea.
  • 3Gyeongsangbuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Korea.
  • 4Department of Preventive Medicine School of Medicine and Institute of Health Sciences Gyeongsang National University, Korea. parkks@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was conducted to develop a Korean version of the Participatory Action Oriented Training (PAOT) program and training materials for improvement of agricultural working environments.
METHODS
The PAOT manual and checklist were developed on the basis of the original English version of the training materials, a questionnaire survey of agricultural health and safety professionals, and a brainstorming conference. Good example pictures were collected through visits to agricultural workers' houses, and an easily understandable picture was drawn by an animation specialist. A PAOT action manual and five types of action checklists were developed for use in different agricultural environments. Each action checklist contained six categories and 38 items of agricultural health and safety principles; the six categories were material storage and handling, work stations and tools, machine safety, physical environment, working schedule and organization, and basic health and safety management. Incorporating these training materials, a one-day Korean PAOT program was developed.
RESULTS
Among 307 candidate agricultural workers from four rural Korean villages, 94 workers (59 males, 35 females) participated in a PAOT from July 2007 to Oct 2008. The PAOT program was successful and the mean self-estimated satisfaction score of the participants was greater than 90%.
CONCLUSIONS
A Korean PAOT program and training materials were successfully developed and applied to Korean agricultural workers. Although more studies are needed, it is expected that PAOT will greatly contribute to the improvement of agricultural working conditions and health and safety through the use of agricultural workers' self initiatives.

Keyword

Agricultural Workers; Participatory; Korean

MeSH Terms

Appointments and Schedules
Checklist
Farmers
Handling (Psychology)
Humans
Korea
Male
Safety Management
Specialization
Surveys and Questionnaires
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