J Agric Med Community Health.  2013 Dec;38(4):243-256.

Fear of Falling and Related Factors in Elderly Living Alone Based on Fall Experience

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Mokpo Catholic University, Korea. mslee@mcu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kyungnam University, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was to investigate fear of falling and related factors in elderly living alone based on fall experience.
METHODS
Participants were 404 elderly women(faller=148, non-faller=256) over 65 years who were homebound living alone in Jeollanam-do Province. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using questionnaires from April 23th to June 9th 2013. The questionnaires consisted of demographic variables, fall experience, Fear of falling questionnaire(FOFQ), Falls Efficacy Scale(FES) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression(CES-D). The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS version 14.0.
RESULTS
The fear of falling and the influential factors were different according to fall experience. Regression model for fear of falling in fallers significantly accounted for 46.1%(F=6.71, p<0.001); difficulty of performing activity, depression, fall-efficacy, static balance and assistive devices. Regression model for fear of falling in non-fallers significantly accounted for 55.2%(F=15.16, p<0.001); fall-efficacy, environmental hazards, difficulty of performing activity, risk of nutrition, housing type, dizziness and assistive devices.
CONCLUSION
Results demonstrate that fall is an important health problem for elderly women living alone, and show fall experience for factors influencing fear of falling. These results could be used in the developing fall prevention programs.

Keyword

Elderly; Accidental falls; Fear

MeSH Terms

Accidental Falls
Aged*
Depression
Dizziness
Epidemiologic Studies
Female
Hazardous Substances
Housing
Humans
Jeollanam-do
Self-Help Devices
Surveys and Questionnaires
Hazardous Substances
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