Korean J Pediatr Hematol Oncol.  2001 Apr;8(1):27-34.

A Study for Incidence of Childhood Leukemia in Kyongnam Province, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, In-Je University, Korea. swchoi@kcchsun.kcch.re.kr
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Korea.Korea.
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Korea.
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ulsan Dongkang Hospital, Korea.
  • 5Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Masan Samsung Hospital, Korea.
  • 6Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Korea.
  • 7Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Donga University, Korea.
  • 8Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Korea.
  • 9Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.
  • 10Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
  • 11Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Korea.
  • 12Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
  • 13Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Korea.
  • 14Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Keimyung University, Korea.
  • 15Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chonnam National University, Korea.
  • 16Department of Preventive Medicine, In-Je University College of Medicine, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Of the cancers in childhood, leukemia is the most frequent one. For the desirable control of childhood leukemia, the basic data for the incidence has a great importance. The authors made a report about the incidence of leukemia in childhood, which analyzed the data from 126 cases in Kyongnam province, Korea, during 1991~1995.
METHODS
The data were obtained from 126 new cases of childhood leukemia who had been living in the Kyongnam province and were diagnosed at the 26 university hospitals or general hospitals in the Kyongnam area and other cities from 1991 to 1995.
RESULTS
The age-and-sex adjusted annual incidence rate per 100,000 population during 1991~1995 varied from 1.82 to 2.86, and cumulative annual incidence rate was 2.41 (male 2.26 and female 2.57 respectively). Male to female sex ratio was 1:1 in total cases. By the major types of childhood leukemia, the cases were composed of acute lymphocytic leukemia 70.6%, acute myelocytic leukemia 26.9% and chronic myelocytic leukemia 2.5%. The cumulative annual incidence rate per 100,000 population (crude rate) during 1991~1995 were 2.77 in Ulsan city, 2.62 in Chinju city and 2.34 in the whole area of Kyongnam province.
CONCLUSION
It was concluded that the age-and-sex adjusted annual incidence rate per 100,000 of childhood in Kyongnam province was 2.41, which was lower than that in Pusan city in the same period. And, there was no significant difference of the cumulative annual incidence rate between Ulsan area and Chinju area in the same period.

Keyword

Kyongnam province; Childhood leukemia; Age-and-sex adjusted annual incidence rate

MeSH Terms

Busan
Female
Gyeongsangnam-do*
Hospitals, General
Hospitals, University
Humans
Incidence*
Korea*
Leukemia*
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Male
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Sex Ratio
Ulsan
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