Korean J Orthod.  1995 Jun;25(3):299-310.

A study on the second molar which was malpositioned after orthodontic treatment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Korea.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to know about the positional change of second molar when orthodontic treatment is performed. To know about it, we andlysed cephalogram pre. and post treatment for 54 adult patients who were finished orthodontic treatment by banding to the first molar and classify them into 4 groups : Class I extraction group 15, Class I nonextraction group 12, Class II group 13, class Class III group 14. The following conclusions were obtained: 1. In the extraction group of Class I, mandibular second molar showed less extrusion and more distal inclination than first moral. But maxillary second molar showed more or less extrusive and mesial inclination to much the same degree of first molar. 2. In the non-extractio group of Class I, mandibular second molar in intrusive to first molar, it showed similar distal inclination to first molar. But maxillary second molar is extrusive similarly to first molar. 3. In the group of Class II, mandibular second molar is less extrusive than first molar and maxillary second molar is more extrusive than first molar. 4. In the group of Class III, mandibular second molar showed similar extrusion to first molar and more distal inclination than first molar. But maxillary second molar showed less extrusion than first molar. 5. A comparision of the positional change of second molar among groups : The change of distance from FH plane to funcation point of maxillary second molar is the difference between Class I extraction group and Class II group, Class I extraction group and Class III group. The change of maxillary second molar to palatal plane and occlusal plane is the difference between Class I extraction group and Class III group. And the change of distance from mandibular plane to furcation point of mandibular second molar is difference between Class I extraction group and non-extraction group, Class I non-extraction group and Class II group, Class I non-extraction group and Class III group. But the change of angle of mandibular second molar to mandibular plane and occlusal plane is make no difference in among groups.

Keyword

Malposition
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