Child Health Nurs Res.  2015 Jan;21(1):1-10. 10.4094/chnr.2015.21.1.1.

Relations of Postpartum Depression with Socio-Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Preterm Infants and Mothers

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing and The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. hyju98@snu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Nursing, Catholic Kwandong University, Gangneung, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to explore relationships of postpartum depression with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of preterm infants and mothers.
METHODS
Participants were the mothers of 80 premature infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Postpartum depression was measured using the Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Clinical characteristics were examined through the medical records. The physiological state for the infants was evaluated using the revised Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS). Data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients.
RESULTS
Average for EPDS was 9.75+/-5.06, and 30% of the participants were at high risk for postpartum depression. There were significant differences in postpartum depression according to mother's education level (F=3.493, p=.035), economic state (F=5.828, p=.004), multiple pregnancy (t=2.141, p=.037), chorioamnionitis (t=2.349, p=.021), oligohydramnios (t=-2.226, p=.029), broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (t=2.085, p=.040), germinal matrix hemorrhage (t=2.259, p=.027), and revised NBRS (t=-2.772, p=.007). There was a significant positive correlation between postpartum depression and number of health problem of infants (r=.252, p=.024) and revised NBRS (r=.316, p=.004).
CONCLUSION
As 30% of the mothers with preterm infants were at high risk for postpartum depression, they require attention. When providing interventions, socioeconomic status as well as the physiological state of premature infants should be considered.

Keyword

Postpartum depression; Premature infant; Mothers

MeSH Terms

Chorioamnionitis
Depression, Postpartum*
Education
Female
Hemorrhage
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Medical Records
Mothers*
Oligohydramnios
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Multiple
Social Class
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