Korean J Orthod.  1988 Sep;18(2):311-321.

The study on the periodontal vascular changes of rat incisors following experimental tooth movement

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Density, Seoul National University, Korea.

Abstract

Vascular changes in the periodontal ligament of the rat incisors following application of experimental orthodontic forces were examined by the India ink perfusion method. 57 rats were used for this experiment. The rats were divided into experimental group (54 rats) and control group (3 rats). 54 experimental rats were divided into group I (27 rats) and group II (27 rats). The right and left upper incisors of group. I and group II rats were separated distally with forces of 20gm, 70gm respectively. The vascular changes of periodontal ligament were observed histologically by means of light microscope after 1,2 and 3 days of tooth movement and 1,3,5,8,14, and 21days after removal of orthodontic force. The results were as follows; 1. After one day of tooth movement, occlusion of blood vessels, hyalinization of periodontal ligament and resorption of alveolar bone adjacent to the alveolar crest on pressure side were observed. Above the tissue changes on the pressure side of group II were more severe than those of group I. Especially, septal bone of group II was separated after 2 days of tooth movement. 2. In tension zones, periodontal space was widened and periodontal fibers were orientated in the direction of pull. The blood vessels of periodontal ligament were distended. New bone deposition was seen along the inner surface of the alveolus after 2 days of tooth movement. 3. After 3 days of tooth movement, deposition of new bone was seen along the periosteal surface of alveolar bone on pressure side, progressing with increasing after removal of orthodontic force. Remodelling of the new bone was occurred 5 days after removal of orthodontic force. 4. 3 days after removal of orthodontic force, invasion of blood vessels into the marginal periodontal ligament on pressure side was observed clearly and the vessels below the epithelial attachment were increased. 5. After removal of orthodontic force, hyalinized structures disappeared concomittantly with an invasion of blood vessels from the neighboring periodontal ligament. 14 days after removal of orthodontic force, the vessels in the periodontal ligament of group I were finished the vascular rearrangement. 21 days after removal of orthodontic force, the vessels in the periodontal ligament of group II were finished the vascular rearrangement.

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