Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2011 Aug;20(2):153-162.

The Factors Influencing Empowerment of 119 Emergency Medical Technicians

Affiliations
  • 1Sunchon Fire Station, Korea.
  • 2Division of Social Welfare, Sunchon National University, Korea.
  • 3Sexual Harassment-Violence Counseling Center, Sunchon National University, Korea. ganghs7205@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of job stress, self-efficacy and empowerment of 119 Emergency medical technicians in Jeollanam-do.
METHODS
This study used the data collected from 346 respondents working for first aid in a fire station. To answer research questions, this study employed frequency analysis, reliability test, F (t)-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' post-hoc test, and multiple-regression analysis.
RESULTS
In terms of demographic characteristics, marital status and age had significant impact on job stress, but sex and education did not. In terms of job characteristics, first placement, rank, and tenure made significant difference on job stress, whereas certificate, department, and area did not. These results address that general characteristics, self-efficacy and job stress are critical variables on empowerment.
CONCLUSION
From the research findings, it is concluded that fire fighters' job stress can be reduced if professional development programs are given to them, which is likely to provide better public services such as first aids and welfare, as well as to increase job satisfaction.

Keyword

Emergency medical technicians; Job stress; Self-efficacy; Empowerment
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