Asian Nurs Res.  2010 Sep;4(3):122-129.

Knowledge, Behaviors and Prevalence of Reproductive Tract Infections: A Descriptive Study on Rural Women in Hunchun, China

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, Division of Community, School of Nursing, Yanbian University, Jilin, China.
  • 2Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.
  • 3Full-time Instructor, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. jlee@catholic.ac.kr
  • 4Associate Professor, School of Public of Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.
  • 5Researcher, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Professor, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence, knowledge and behavior about reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among rural Chinese women in Hunchun, China.
METHODS
The study employed a cross-sectional research design with a convenience sample of 190 participants who had received microfinancing. Data were collected by trained research staff, utilizing face to face interviews and physical examinations.
RESULTS
About 1 in 5 participants (20.3%) had had more than 5 pregnancies and 26.7% had had 3 or more abortions. More than half (57.3%) of study participants had an RTI at the time of examination, and 92.3% reported having had at least one RTI symptom. Nearly half (49.6%) of the women who exhibited RTI symptoms reported no utilization of any healthcare services. Age, number of pregnancies, RTI knowledge, and behavior were found to be significant correlates in the sample.
CONCLUSIONS
The prevalence of RTI among low-income rural Chinese women were extremely high, indicating the urgent need for effective and culturally sensitive health education, particularly targeted to the poor rural population.

Keyword

Chinese women; low income; reproductive tract infections

MeSH Terms

Asian Continental Ancestry Group
China
Delivery of Health Care
Female
Health Education
Humans
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Reproductive Tract Infections
Research Design
Rural Population
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