Korean J Crit Care Med.  2000 Jun;15(1):41-46.

Effect of Continuous Epidural Block on the Duration of Intensive Care after Cardiac Surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Inha University College of Medicine, Inchon, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Continuous epidural block after surgery has been able to get better postoperative analgesic effect than intermittent intravenous (IV) opioids and to decrease the duration of mechanical ventilatory support, endotracheal intubation and ICU stay. The purpose of this study is to observe these effects of continuous epidural block after cardiac surgery.
METHODS
30 patients, undergoing cardiac surgery, were divided into 2 groups. Postoperative analgesia were performed by intermittent IV meperidine 25 mg in group 1 and by continuous epidural block with 1% mepivacaine 100 ml and morphine 4 mg in group 2. Both groups were supplemented, at the patient's request, by IV meperidine 25 mg as needed. Quality of pain relief, total number of IV meperidine and duration of consciousness return, mechanical ventilatory support, endotracheal intubation, ICU stay were compared between 2 groups.
RESULTS
Quality of pain relief and total number of IV meperidine were significantly lower in group 2 than group 1, each time interval. Duration of consciousness return, mechanical ventilatory support, endotracheal intubation, ICU stay and time interval between consciousness return & mechanical ventilatory support were significantly shorter in group 2 than group 1.
CONCLUSIONS
Continuous epidural block, with 1% mepivacaine 100 ml and morphine 4 mg, for postoperative analgesia decreases the duration of intensive care compaered with intermittent IV meperidine 25 mg, after cardiac surgery.

Keyword

Analgesia; epid

MeSH Terms

Analgesia
Analgesics, Opioid
Consciousness
Humans
Critical Care*
Intubation, Intratracheal
Meperidine
Mepivacaine
Morphine
Thoracic Surgery*
Analgesics, Opioid
Meperidine
Mepivacaine
Morphine
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