Korean J Clin Pharm.  2015 Mar;25(1):18-26. 10.0000/kjcp.2015.25.1.18.

Pharmaceutical Care Services of Community Pharmacies in Korea Through the Review of Literature

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School of Clinical Pharmacy, CHA University, Gyeonggi-do 463-400, South Korea.
  • 2College of Pharmacy, Gachon University, Incheon 406-799, South Korea. ehji@gachon.ac.kr
  • 3School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Gyeonggi-do 440-746, South Korea.
  • 4College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The recent change in pharmaceutical education system following the paradigm shift to patient-oriented pharmacy service requires an in-depth discussion to reorganize a future direction and establish a basis for maximizing social values of community pharmacy service.
OBJECTIVE
This study was conducted to review the current status of community pharmacy service provision in Korea based on published literatures.
METHODS
The electronic databases of National Digital Science Library and Electronic National Assembly Library were used to search the journal articles and dissertation papers. A search term "community pharmacy" was used and the published period was limited to papers published after year 2001, when the legal separation of prescribing and dispensing was implemented. Relevant study reports were also searched manually. Information about pharmacy service provision and study outcomes were retrieved from the selected papers, and classified by predefined individual service scope.
RESULTS
A total 33 papers reporting services provided by community pharmacies were selected (journal article 11, dissertation paper 17, and study report 5). Pharmacy services identified in these papers could be classified into prescription dispensing service, pharmaceutical care service, self medication service, other products service, and health promotion service. Twenty papers reported prescription dispensing services, three papers reported pharmaceutical care service, and only two papers reported health promotion service. Current community pharmacy services are highly dependent on prescription drugs while expanded services such as pharmaceutical care and health promotion are peripheral. Most prevalent research topic was medication counseling service (18 papers), reflecting that community pharmacists generally consider it to be the most important and fundamental service. Overall, current pharmacy services are very limited and focus on prescription dispensing service.
CONCLUSION
At this point of time requiring expansion and quality improvement of community pharmacy services, we suggest further lively discussion to strengthen pharmacist's functional identity and set conditions for providing socially expected services.

Keyword

community pharmacy; pharmaceutical care service; pharmacy service; literature review

MeSH Terms

Community Pharmacy Services
Counseling
Education, Pharmacy
Health Promotion
Humans
Korea*
Pharmaceutical Services*
Pharmacies*
Pharmacists
Prescription Drugs
Prescriptions
Quality Improvement
Self Medication
Social Values
Prescription Drugs
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