J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2011 May;52(5):531-536. 10.3341/jkos.2011.52.5.531.

Efficacy of Single-Field Non-Mydriatic Digital Fundus Photography for Screening Diabetic Retinopathy

  • 1Deparment of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. eye-su@hanmail.net


To evaluate the efficacy of a single field, non-mydriatic, 45degrees digital photography as a diagnostic tool for diabetic retinopathy.
A total of 303 consecutive diabetic patients (606 eyes) who underwent digital fundus photography and indirect ophthalmoscopy were included in the present study. The optical discs and macular area of all patients were subjected to single fundus photography using a non-mydriatic 45-degree digital fundus camera. All patients also underwent fundus examinations after pupil dilation via indirect ophthalmoscopy.
The sensitivity and specificity for determining diabetic retinopathy were 47.6% and 97.6%, respectively. The false positive rate, false negative rate, positive predictive value, and negative predictive values were 2.3%, 2.1%, 45.5%, and 97.8%, respectively. Among the digital fundus images, 12.9% (78 eyes) were non-gradable. The patients with non-gradable digital fundus images were older (p < 0.001), had a longer duration of diabetes, (p < 0.001) and more often suffered from systemic hypertension (p = 0.003) compared to patients with gradable photographs.
The present study showed that single-field, non-mydriatic, 45 degree digital photography for detecting diabetic retinopathy had relatively low sensitivity and high technical failure rates. The failure rates could be improved with higher resolution non-mydriatic wide-field photography cameras and with additional peripheral images for diabetic retinopathy screening.


Camera; Diabetic; Fundus; Non-mydriatic; Retinopathy

MeSH Terms

Diabetic Retinopathy
Mass Screening
Sensitivity and Specificity

Cited by  1 articles

Risk Factor Analysis of Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosed with Non-mydriatic Fundus Camera: KNHANES V
Jung Suk Yoon, Seung-Kook Baek, Young Hoon Lee
J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2019;60(6):555-568.    doi: 10.3341/jkos.2019.60.6.555.



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