J Korean Surg Soc.  2010 Nov;79(5):393-398. 10.4174/jkss.2010.79.5.393.

Totally Extraperitoneal (TEP) Approach for Femoral Hernia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. byunghomd.son@samsung.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair of femoral hernia.
METHODS
Eight patients who underwent laparoscopic TEP repair for femoral hernia between 2008 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. In total, 256 adult patients underwent inguinal or femoral hernia repair; TEP was performed in 224 patients. The preoperative diagnosis, clinical symptom, operative finding, postoperative complications, chronic pain, and recurrence were analyzed.
RESULTS
The incidence of femoral hernia was 8 (3.1%) in the present study. The female to male ratio was 3:1 (6 females and 2 males). Seven patients were preoperatively misdiagnosed with inguinal hernia using ultrasonography. Computed tomography (CT) was performed in three patients, and femoral hernia was diagnosed in two patients. Two patients had synchronous femoral hernia with direct or indirect inguinal hernia. One patient has previously undergone ipsilateral inguinal hernia repair. In all patients, the hernia sac was irreducible by gas insufflation. Seven patients had lipoma-like soft tissue in hernia sac. Peritoneal tears developed in three patients. There was one postoperative complication: chronic discomfort due to seroma. There was no recurrence during median 6.5 months (range 2~26).
CONCLUSION
Laparoscopic TEP repair is safe and effective therapeutic option for repair of femoral hernia. CT images are the most valuable type for the evaluation of the femoral hernia.

Keyword

Computed tomography; Femoral hernia; Laparoscopic surgery; Totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair

MeSH Terms

Adult
Chronic Pain
Female
Hernia
Hernia, Femoral
Hernia, Inguinal
Humans
Incidence
Insufflation
Laparoscopy
Male
Postoperative Complications
Pyrazines
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Seroma
Pyrazines
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