J Korean Soc Plast Reconstr Surg.  2010 Jul;37(4):369-374.

Effect of Music Therapy on Anxiety and Vital Sign of Nasal Closed Reduction Under General Anesthesia

  • 1Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. ycnadr@hanmail.net


Most of the patients who underwent surgery feels variable kinds of fear or anxiety; an uncomfortable mood state that happens without specific object affects patient's satisfaction before and after the surgery. As music therapy is rather noninvasive method generally used in reducing patient's anxiety, the authors researched about the extent of anxiety with the change of vital sign before the operation while comparing with the cases of patients who took the music therapy at closed reduction under general anesthesia.
We divided the patients in 4 groups; A with the premedication(Midazolam, Dormicum(R)) before the operation, B with the premedication and music therapy, C with only music therapy, D with no premedication or therapy. And we measured the vital signs after the arrival at the operation room, after induction and 20 minutes after the operation. Also we observed the changes of anxiety index with the STAI(State Trait Anxiety Inventory)-K(Korea)YZ 1 hour before and 8 hours after the surgery.
The group B showed the least changes in blood pressure as the group D showed the highest change. Both group C and A showed increase in blood pressure but the upswing in group A was lower than group C. At the change of pulse rate group B showed the lowest upswing also group D showing the highest. Group B showed quite a few upswing but lower than group D, but, at the same time, group A showed lower upswing when comparing two cases. After analysis of STAI-KYZ score, the anxiety relatively decreased in group B and C in comparison with group D. And the index of anxiety state of group A showed just as much to group D.
The music therapy is better healthcare method compared to other therapies in reducing anxiety also with satisfying effect who underwent operation. The authors recommend music therapy assisted with use of premedication for better relief of anxiety.


Music therapy; Anxiety; Vital sign

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia, General
Blood Pressure
Delivery of Health Care
Heart Rate
Music Therapy
Vital Signs
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