J Korean Geriatr Soc.  2015 Sep;19(3):158-164. 10.4235/jkgs.2015.19.3.158.

Comparison of Safety after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Between Octogenarians and Counterparts with Coronary Artery Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Saint Carollo Hospital, Soonchun, Korea. saechi21@naver.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Elderly patients usually have comorbid and poor general conditions. They are more likely to have complex coronary lesions with cardiac dysfunction. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in octogenarians remains controversial. In this study, we determined the safety after PCI for octogenarians and their younger counterparts with coronary artery disease.
METHODS
We reviewed 1,057 patients (110 octogenarians vs. 947 younger counterparts) who underwent PCI for coronary artery disease at Saint Carollo Hospital. We analyzed the baseline characteristics, angiographic findings, in hospital mortality, and post procedural complications between the two groups.
RESULTS
The mean ages of octogenarians and younger counterparts were 83.1+/-4.5 years and 62.6+/-10.3 years, respectively. The octogenarian group had a significantly (p<0.001) higher ratio of female patients compared to their younger counterpart group (57.3% vs. 27.5%). However, the octogenarian group had a significantly (p=0.035) lower ratio of patients with history of diabetes mellitus compare to their younger counterpart group (22.7% vs. 32.6%). Incidence of acute myocardial infarction in octogenarians was significantly (p<0.001) higher than that in the younger counterparts (43.7% vs. 18.0%). There was no significant difference in admission duration, major complication, or in-hospital mortality between two groups.
CONCLUSION
Our results revealed that hospital mortality and incidence of major complications in octogenarians who underwent invasive PCI were not higher than those in their younger counterparts, suggesting that PCI could be safely used in patients aged 80 years or older. However, long-term follow-up data are needed.

Keyword

Octogenarians; Coronary artery disease; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Safety

MeSH Terms

Aged
Aged, 80 and over*
Coronary Artery Disease*
Coronary Vessels*
Diabetes Mellitus
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Incidence
Myocardial Infarction
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention*
Saints
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