J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.  2016 Feb;18(1):43-50. 10.7586/jkbns.2016.18.1.43.

The Effect of Knowledge, Attitudes and Prevention Behaviors for Tuberculosis Infection in Nursing Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea.
  • 2Research Institute for Basic Science, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Woosong College, Daejeon, Korea. hy3929@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to identify the relationship among knowledge, attitudes and prevention behaviors (PB) on tuberculosis (Tb) infection in nursing students.
METHODS
268 subjects were recruited from two universities located in C·D cities of Korea and data were collected utilizing self-reported questionnaires.
RESULTS
The mean scores of knowledge, attitudes and PB on Tb infection were 64.83, 3.18 and 2.97. The knowledge differed according to gender (t=-3.16, p=.002), grades (F=32.19, p<.001), educational experience about Tb (EETb) (F=10.59, p<.001), learning information about Tb (t=3.08, p=.002) and getting Tb: self or others (t=2.78, p=.006). The attitudes differed according to grades (F=7.71, p<.001) and EETb (F=2.68, p=.047). The PB differed according to grades (F=7.02, p<.001) and EETb (F=4.55, p=.004). Significant correlations were found between knowledge and PB (r=.20, p=001), attitudes and PB (r=.33, p<.001). The most significant factor influencing PB was attitudes with R2 value of 13.9% (F=11.81, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
These findings indicate that knowledge and attitude adjustment may be necessary to improve PB for Tb infection in nursing students. Moreover further study is necessary to find out the ways to reinforce the level of attitudes. The results of the study can be utilized in educational programs for preventing Tb infection in nursing students.

Keyword

Tuberculosis; Knowledge; Attitudes; Prevention Behaviors

MeSH Terms

Humans
Korea
Learning
Nursing*
Students, Nursing*
Tuberculosis*
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