Asian Oncol Nurs.  2012 Dec;12(4):289-296. 10.5388/aon.2012.12.4.289.

Distress and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. etrangere@snu.ac.kr
  • 2College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to find the levels of distress and quality of life of breast cancer survivors in Korea and to identify relationship between distress and quality of life.
METHODS
The data were collected from 122 breast cancer survivors in 2009. To measure the distress and quality of life, the 'Distress Thermometer and Problem List'and the 'Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-Breast'were used respectively.
RESULTS
The mean score of distress was 4.77 (+/-2.35) and 63.1% of the subjects reported a distress score of 4 or more, indicating a clinically significant level of distress. Among these, the most frequently reported problem area was emotion, followed by family. The mean score of the quality of life was 88.22 (+/-18.41), signifying 6.13 out of 10. The levels of distress and the quality of life were negatively correlated (r=-.38, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The results of the study indicate that distress is prevalent in Korean breast cancer survivors and the distress is related negatively with their quality of life. Thus oncology professionals continuously need to assess distress of breast cancer survivors and to provide appropriate psychosocial interventions to improve their quality of life.

Keyword

Breast Neoplasms; Psychological Stress; Quality of Life; Psychological Adaptation; Survivors

MeSH Terms

Adaptation, Psychological
Breast Neoplasms*
Humans
Korea
Quality of Life*
Stress, Psychological
Survivors*
Thermometers
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