Korean J Anesthesiol.  2013 Oct;65(4):312-316. 10.4097/kjae.2013.65.4.312.

Effects of incrementally increasing tidal volume on the cross-sectional area of the right internal jugular vein

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hkkil@yuhs.ac

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Different tidal volume (TV) settings during mechanical ventilation alter intrathoracic blood volume, and these changes could alter central venous pressure and the cross sectional area (CSA) of the right internal jugular vein (RIJV). The aim of this study was to determine the optimal TV for maximizing the CSA of the RIJV in the supine and Trendelenburg positions in anesthetized patients.
METHODS
Forty patients were randomly allocated to a supine group (Group S, n = 20) or a Trendelenburg group (Group T, n = 20) by computer generated randomization. RIJV CSAs were measured repeatedly after increasing the inspiratory volume in 1 ml/kg increments from a TV of 8 ml/kg to 14 ml/kg using ultrasound images.
RESULTS
Peak inspiratory pressure increased significantly on increasing TV from 11 ml/kg to 14 ml/kg and between baseline (TV 8 ml/kg) and 11 ml/kg in both groups (P < 0.05). RIJV CSA was not increased versus baseline even after TV changes in either group and no intergroup difference was found.
CONCLUSIONS
TV increases do not increase the CSA of the RIJV within the TV range 8 to 14 ml/kg in the supine or 10degrees Trendelenburg position.

Keyword

Cross sectional area; Internal jugular vein; Tidal volume; Trendelenburg position

MeSH Terms

Blood Volume
Central Venous Pressure
Head-Down Tilt
Humans
Jugular Veins*
Random Allocation
Respiration, Artificial
Tidal Volume*
Ultrasonography
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