J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2016 Jan;22(1):57-66. 10.11111/jkana.2016.22.1.57.

Perceptions of Medical Personnel toward Burnout using Q Methodology

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Konkuk University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kyungin Women's University, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan, Korea. ymlee@cup.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This exploratory study was done to categorize medical personnel's perceptions of burnout and analyzed the characteristics.
METHODS
Q methodology was applied using a 45 Q-sample categorized on an 11-point scale which was completed by nurses and doctors working at a university hospital in Seoul, Korea. Collected data were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program.
RESULTS
Medical personnel's perceptions of burnout were categorized into three types; 33.83% of the total variance was explained. The first type was 'functionally deteriorating pressure' the second type was 'daily powerlessness' and the third was 'achievement-oriented re-energization'.
CONCLUSION
There is a need to establish and apply intervention strategies for each type to alleviate medical personnel burnout and increase work efficiency to qualitatively improve medical services.

Keyword

Burnout; Professional; Q methodology

MeSH Terms

Korea
Seoul
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