Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2015 Nov;58(11):754-758. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2015.58.11.754.

Correlation between Tinnitus Induced Distress and Sleep Quality

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. drmung@naver.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
There exist few studies about relationship between tinnitus and sleep disturbance. Furthermore, the currently available studies have some limitations of confounding factors. This study evaluated correlation between tinnitus and sleep quality, especially by controlling depression and anxiety factors.
SUBJECTS AND METHOD
The present study was planned as a cross sectional study using questionnaires. Using 46 patients with tinnitus, sleep quality was investigated by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score, anxiety by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI, axis1 and axis2), depression by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and tinnitus induced distress by Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). The final analysis method was multiple regression analysis. THI and PSQI were regarded as dependent and independent variables, respectively. BDI and STAI were regarded as confounding factors.
RESULTS
Each factor (PSQI, two STAI, and BDI) revealed significant correlation with THI score. Considering four factors together with regression analysis, PSQI score was the most influencing factor on THI score (p=0.002).
CONCLUSION
Although depression and anxiety were both influencing factors on tinnitus-induced distress as known previously, sleep quality influenced tinnitus-induced distress came out as the most significant factor in the multivariable analysis.

Keyword

Anxiety; Depression; Sleep disturbance; Sleep quality; Tinnitus induced distress

MeSH Terms

Anxiety
Depression
Humans
Tinnitus*
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