Korean J Gynecol Endosc Minim Invasive Surg.  2012 Nov;24(2):120-126.

Vaginal vault evisceration after total laparoscopic hysterectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bundang CHA Hospital, CHA University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Saekyung College, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Fourteen cases of vaginal vault evisceration after total laparoscopic hysterectomy were presented. We review pertinent literature, discuss precipitating causes, clinical manifestations, and management that was performed.
METHODS
We reviewed medical records of 14 women with vaginal vault evisceration after total laparoscopic hysterectectom between March 2000 and October 2012 at 4 hospitals of CHA University.
RESULTS
Between March 2000 and March 2006, 1,887 women underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy and 12 vaginal vault eviscerations (0.6%) were presented. Thereafter, only two new cases were presented. The precipitating event was coitus in nine cases (64%), sit-ups in two cases (14%), spontaneous (urine ascites), lymphatic ascites, and unknown in one case (7%) each. Prolapsed organs were small bowels, omentum, and salpinx. Common presenting symptoms were pain, bleeding, watery discharge, and protruded mass (bowels). Eleven women underwent transvaginal repair (79%) - two laparotomic (14%) and one laparoscopic (7%), and none have exhibited sequelae.
CONCLUSION
Coitus was the triggering event in most cases. For vaginal vault evisceration following total laparoscopic hysterectomy, vaginal repair should be first considered.

Keyword

Vaginal vault evisceration; Total laparoscopic hysterectomy
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