Korean J Occup Environ Med.  2007 Mar;19(1):26-37.

Psychosocial Distress and Its Related Factors among Clerical Public Officers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Public Health, Graduate School Chungnam National University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Korea. choyc@cnu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to determine the levels of psychosocial distress among clerical public officers to reveal the various related factors.
METHODS
A self-administered questionnaires was administered between Dec. 5th, 2005 and Jan. 31st, 2006, to 1,005 individuals in the service of general administration located in Daejeon City. The survey items included the subjects'socio-demographic and job-related characteristics, health-related behavior, degree of job demand, job autonomy, social support in work, type A behavior pattern, locus of control, sense of self-esteem, and psychosocial distress.
RESULTS
The results showed that 24.8% of subjects were categorized as high risk stress, 64.9% as latent stress, and 10.3% as normal. The level of psychosocial distress was influenced by various sociodemographic characteristics, such as personality traits (type A behavior pattern, locus of control, selfesteem) and whether performing health-related behavior or not, as well as according to job-related characteristics such as rank in work, job career, job specifications, job demand, job autonomy, social support in work.
CONCLUSIONS
The effective strategy for stress reduction among governmental employees requires additional programs focusing on innovated job specifications and managed personality traits.

Keyword

Psychosocial distress; Job stress contents; Psychosocial factors; Clerical public officers

MeSH Terms

Internal-External Control
Psychology
Questionnaires
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