Korean J Occup Environ Med.  2002 Sep;14(3):315-325.

Factors Associated With the Personal Protective Equipments(PPEs) Wearing of Workers in Small Scale Industries

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Korea. soohaeng21@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, KwangMyung Sung-Ae Hospital, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the wearing of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in small scale industries.
METHODS
In a cross-sectional study, the data were obtained from self-administered questionnaires, a special health examination and the industrial hygiene records. The study included 230 workers in small-scale industries (the print industry and automobile repair shops), which were provided with a subsidiary occupational health program funded by government in 1998. The authors used the Precede-Proceed model.
RESULTS
Among the subjects who were recommended to wear a PPE, 32.7% (35/107) wore the gas/vapor respirators, 43.9 % (101/230) wore the particulate respirators, and 44.3 % (102/230) wore hearing aids. Among them, 64.3 % (148/230) wore one of the above PPE. The wearing of PPE wearing was associated with knowledge (OR=2.34), the value of prevention (OR=3.46), social support (OR=2.78), the type of task (OR=2.18-4.47), and income level (OR=7.64).
CONCLUSIONS
In small scale industries, the proportion workers wearing PPE was low. To increase this proportion, the reinforcing, enabling, and environmental factors as well as the predisposing factors need to be modified.

Keyword

Personal protective equipments; Precede-Proceed model; Small scale industry

MeSH Terms

Automobiles
Causality
Cross-Sectional Studies
Financial Management
Hearing Aids
Humans
Occupational Health
Questionnaires
Ventilators, Mechanical
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