Korean J Occup Environ Med.  1999 Mar;11(1):33-51.

The Occupational Health Status of the Small Scale Industries Participated in the 1997 Subsidiary Program on Health Care Management

  • 1Dongguk University, College of Medicine, Korea.
  • 2Seoul National University, School of Public Health, Korea.
  • 3Korean Association of Work and Health, Korea.
  • 4Ewha Womans University, College of Medicine, Korea.
  • 5Hallym University, College of Medicine, Korea.
  • 6Industrial Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Industrial Safety Corporation, Korea.
  • 7Soonchunhyang Univ, Dept. of Nursing, Korea.
  • 8Sinheung JR College, Dept. of Nursing, Korea.
  • 9Inha Univ, Hospital Dept. of Occup. Medicine, Korea.


The small scale industries in Korea are important in occupational health care management due to high accident rate and poor working condition. The authors surveyed the 4,811 small scale industries participated in the 1997 subsidiary program on health care management. The contents of survey were the general characteristics of the factory, the results of workers' general and occupational health examination, the results of workplace environmental monitoring, and the number of occupational accident and injured person at 1995 and 1996. We classified all industries by 67 groups. The prevalence of the general disease was higher in 'Manufacture of other fabricated metal productsj. rManufacture of textiles', 'Manufacture of basic metalsj. In occupational disease, that was higher in FManufacture of metal products', 'Manufacture of basic metals', so in environmental monitoring in 'Manufacture of textiles', 'Manufacture of other fabricated metal products' 'Printfrig' in occupational injuries in 'Manufacture of chemical products', 'Manufacture of basic metals'. However the factories of 'manufacture of motor vehicle', 'manufacture of machine and equipment', 'manufacture of electric product' in the program are large in magnitude, but less important in occupational health management. We observed that the prevalence of general disease, occupational disease, workplace environmental monitoring, occupational injuries of subsidized industries in 1996 were increased compared with those in 1995. and were larger than those of nationwide statistics. These phenomenon shows that the subsidiary health program for participated industries is important and to be urgent. We observed that the major groups in district were different and so the approaching method of each district must be various and different. And the health program manager should focus on the C grade in health examination and the action level in workplace monitoring more than the D grade and the permissible level.


Small scale industry; Subsidiary program; Health care management; Classification by group

MeSH Terms

Accidents, Occupational
Delivery of Health Care*
Environmental Monitoring
Occupational Diseases
Occupational Health*
Occupational Injuries
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