Korean J Occup Environ Med.  1998 Dec;10(4):476-483.

The Effects of Knowledge and Attitude about Noise on Hearing Conservation Behavior and Hearing Loss

Affiliations
  • 1Catholic Industrial Medical Center, The Catholic University of Korea.
  • 2Team of Safety & Environmental Management, Halla Heavy Industries, Korea.
  • 3Headquater of Technical Consultant of Industrial Health, Pusan Area, Korea Industrial Safety Corporation, Korea.

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate knowledge and attitude factor related to hearing conservation and to evaluate the effect of knowledge and attitude about noise on hearing conservation behavior and hearing loss among workers exposed to noise. We investigated the questionnaires of knowledge and attitude about noise and hearing conservation behavior and hearing loss among 355 study subjects from March, 1998 to June, 1998. The results were as follows; We extracted following 5 factors from 26 questionnaire items of knowledge and attitude about noise; knowledge of noise and concern to the control noise (factor 1), general perceived susceptibility (factor 2), relative perceived susceptibility compared with colleagues(factor 3), concern to the hearing protective devices(factor 4), concern to the hearing and noise assessment (factor 5). Knowledge and attitude factors affecting the hearing conservation behavior were general perceived susceptibility in the case of wearing hearing protective devices and knowledge of noise and concern to the control noise in the case of suggestion for hearing conservation. But, in the case of intentional avoiding noise exposure, concern to the hearing protective devices was a significant factor with concern to the hearing and noise assessment. Knowledge and attitude factors affecting hearing loss in 1 kHz were relative perceived susceptibility compared with colleagues and concern to the hearing protective devices, and in 4 KHz were relative perceived susceptibility compared with colleagues and general perceived susceptibility.

Keyword

Knowledge; Attitude; Hearing conservation behavior; Hearing loss

MeSH Terms

Ear Protective Devices
Hearing Loss*
Hearing*
Noise*
Questionnaires
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