J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2007 Oct;45(5):579-588.

The influence of dentin desensitizer to shear bond strength of dental cements

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dentistry, College of Medicine, Inha University, Korea. onsdo@inha.ac.kr

Abstract

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A tenderness of the dentin after tapering of teeth for dental prosthesis is a common phenomenon. In practice, the alternative desensitizer may be used for minor pain after tapering of teeth. PURPOSE: In this study, the desensitizers were used to investigate the affect decreasing of shear bond strength according to the use of various cement, such as resin, Glass Ionomer, and phosphate cement. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Three different desensitizers were used on this study. Compositions of two dentin desensitizers were HEMA(hydroxyethylmethacrylate) and glutaraldehyde. The other one is oxalic acid. Three dentin desensitizers applied on 12 degrees taper teeth. Then, Ni-Cr crowns were bonded with Resin cement, Zinc Phosphate (ZPC) cement and Glass Ionomer (GIC) cement. 120 human premolar teeth were used for specimens. The specimens were divided into four group as the reference and the empirical each with thirty specimens, then further divided into 12 group according to type of desensitizers and cement types. The shear bond strength were measured by Instron multi task instrument.
RESULTS
According to the result, the measured shear bond strength in order from the weakest to the strongest in general was ZPC, Resin, and GIC. And it is found that the application of desensitizers on dentin surface does not affect the shear bond strength.
CONCLUSION
Dentin desensitizers that alleviate or prevent a dentin tenderness, usually contains HEMA and glutaraldehyde compounds. Such desensitizers are widely used in clinical studies. By applying the dentin desensitizer on the exposed dentin surface, the dentin capillary are blocked and periodontal membrane and cementum can not be drawn in pulp cavity. Since HEMA and glutaraldehyde may cause harm to the pulp cavity, an alternative desensitizer was developed.

Keyword

Dentin desensitizer; Shear bond strength

MeSH Terms

Bicuspid
Capillaries
Crowns
Dental Cements*
Dental Cementum
Dental Prosthesis
Dentin*
Glass
Glutaral
Humans
Membranes
Oxalic Acid
Resin Cements
Tooth
Zinc
Dental Cements
Glutaral
Oxalic Acid
Resin Cements
Zinc
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