Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2014 Sep;36(5):224-229. 10.14402/jkamprs.2014.36.5.224.

Vertical Augmentation of Maxillary Posterior Alveolar Ridge Using Allogenic Block Bone Graft and Simultaneous Maxillary Sinus Graft

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Korea. kwkim@chungbuk.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Jukjeon Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea.

Abstract

The maxillary posterior area is the most challenging site for the dental implant. Although the sinus graft is a predictable and successful technique for rehabilitation of atrophic and pneumatized posterior maxilla, when there is severe destruction of alveolar bone, a very long crown length remains challenging after successful dental implants installation with sinus graft. We performed vertical augmentation of the maxillary posterior alveolar ridge using the allogenic block bone graft with a simultaneous sinus graft using allogenic and heterogenic bone chips. After about six months, we installed the dental implant. After this procedure, we achieved a more favorable crown-implant fixture ratio and better results clinically and biomechanically. This is a preliminary report of vertical augmentation of maxillary posterior alveolar ridge using allogenic block bone graft and simultaneous maxillary sinus graft. Further research requires longer observation and more patients.

Keyword

Maxillary ridge augmentation; Sinus floor augmentations

MeSH Terms

Alveolar Process*
Alveolar Ridge Augmentation
Crowns
Dental Implants
Humans
Maxilla
Maxillary Sinus*
Rehabilitation
Sinus Floor Augmentation
Transplants*
Dental Implants
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