Kosin Med J.  2012 Jun;27(1):31-36. 10.7180/kmj.2012.27.1.31.

Clinical Outcome of Positive Margin of Postgastrectomy with Adenocarcinoma of Stomach

  • 1Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, Korea. gslsh@ns.kosinmed.or.kr


Many investigators have recommended adequate resection margin and lymphadenectomy for radical curative resection. The aim of this study is to evaluate clinical characteristics of positive resection margin (proximal or distal) of postgastrectomy in advanced gastric cancer.
We studied 17 patients with gastric cancer who were diagnosed positive resection margin by intraoperative frozen biopsy or permanent biopsy report from January 2005 to December 2007, retrospectively. Surgical margin monitored by endoscopy.
Distal gastrectomy was performed in 13 patients and total gastrectomy in 4. Gastrectomy with combined resection including splenectomy was performed in 3, distal pancreatectomy in 2, transverse colon segmental resection in 1, and cholecystectomy in 2. Positive Proximal margin was found in 12, positive distal margin in 3, and both in 2. Palliative chemotherapy was performed in 8 patients. Postoperative follow up endoscopy was established in only 8 patients. Malignant results from endoscopic biopsy in gastroenteric or esophagoenteric anastomotic line were proven in 2 patients during follow up. 9 patients were not performed follow-up endoscopy. Among total 17 patients, 2 patients are alive. Fifteen patients died of aggravation of disease in 13 and postoperative complication in 2.
Although positive surgical margin in far advanced gastric cancer were found, it can consider that does not further resection to obtain microscopic clear anastomotic margin.


Advanced gastric cancer; Palliative resection; Positive resection margin

MeSH Terms

Colon, Transverse
Follow-Up Studies
Lymph Node Excision
Postoperative Complications
Research Personnel
Retrospective Studies
Stomach Neoplasms


  • Fig. 1 Types of reconstruction after gastric surgery of the stage IV patient

  • Fig. 2 Positive surgical margin of the reconstruction type

  • Fig. 3 Prognosis of margin positive case

  • Fig. 4 Prgnosis of margin positive case followed by endoscopy

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