Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2014 Mar;17(1):1-9. 10.14475/kjhpc.2014.17.1.1.

Posttraumatic Growth in Family Caregivers of Patients with Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan, Busan, Korea. sochoi@cup.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine posttraumatic growth (PTG) in family caregivers of patients with cancer.
METHODS
Participants included 201 family caregivers of cancer patients who are treated at outpatient clinics and oncology wards of a university hospital and two general hospitals in Busan, Korea. The study instrument was the Korean version of the posttraumatic growth inventory (K-PTGI). Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe's test using the SPSS 21 for Windows.
RESULTS
The mean score of PTG was 3.10. The factor with the highest score was "Changes to self-perception" (3.15), while the one with the lowest was "Increase in spiritual interest" (2.88). There were significant differences in PTG, depending on age, religion, importance of religious life and perceived level of daily difficulties.
CONCLUSION
Family caregivers also experience PTG when their loved ones are diagnosed with cancer. According to these findings, it is necessary to develop a spiritual nursing program to help family caregivers growth from the experience of attending patients with cancer.

Keyword

Neoplasms; Family; Caregivers

MeSH Terms

Ambulatory Care Facilities
Busan
Caregivers*
Hospitals, General
Humans
Korea
Love
Nursing
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