Korean J Orthod.  1986 Sep;16(2):43-51.

Laser holographic study on the effect of facial skeleton to maxillary expansion

  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry Seoul National University, Korea.


The highly accurate laser holographic interferemotry method was used to determine in what way low-magnitude forces during maxillary expansion are transmitted to the entire maxillary complex and its surrounding structures. The experiments were carried out on a dryed human skull which had a perfectly preserved, normally aligned maxillary dental arch and intact alveolar process. The skull was fixed within a constructed metal frame which ensured maximal stability of the object. The optical equipment and the object were mounted on antivibration table. Interferograms were taken on the lateral and frontal sides of the maxillary complex, using the 10mW He-Ne laser and the double-exposure method. Analysis of the fringe pattern on the recorded object surface was performed by graphically determining the deformation curves related to the bony surface in selected horizontal and vertical planes. On the basis of this study, the following conclusions can be drawn 1. The density of the interference fringes was gradually increased with the degree of expansion force. 2. Mechanical reactions on the maxillary complex, circummaxillary sutures, and surrounding bones were clearly visible, even with the lowest loading degree. 3. The amount of bone displacement was greater in application of the force after 90degrees turn than in initial application of the same force. 4. The direction of interference fringes on the bony surface was similar at all loading degrees.

MeSH Terms

Alveolar Process
Dental Arch
Palatal Expansion Technique*
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