J Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofac Assoc.  2003 Oct;4(2):117-120.

Traumatic Superior Orbital Fissure Syndrome: Case Report

Affiliations
  • 1Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dkrah@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

The superior orbital fissure syndrome is characterized by external ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, exophthalmos, fixed, dilated pupil, and anesthesia of the upper eyelid and forehead. This syndrome is a complex of impaired function of the cranial nerves that enter the orbit through superior orbital fissure. Three major causal factors are tumors, inflammation and trauma. We present a patient who had signs and symptoms of superior orbital fissure syndrome after traumatic zygomaticomaxillary fractures. After surgical reduction of fractured zygomaticomaxillary bone segment and conservative management, complete functional recovery of the eye was noted.

Keyword

Superior orbital fissure syndrome; Zygomaticomaxillary fracture

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia
Cranial Nerves
Exophthalmos
Eyelids
Forehead
Humans
Inflammation
Ophthalmoplegia
Orbit*
Pupil
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