J Korean Assoc Pediatr Surg.  2002 Jun;8(1):28-32.

Perforation of Meckel's Diverticulum in Children

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Korea.

Abstract

Meckel's diverticulum (MD) occurs in approximately 2 % of the population. The major complications of MD are bleeding, intestinal obstruction, infection and perforation. Perforation is the least common but most serious complication, the incidence od which is about 5-10 %. The causes of perforation are inflammatory diverticulitis and peptic ulceration. the purpose of study is to review the characteristics of perforated MD in children. Six patients with perforated MD who had been operated upon at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Yeungnam University Hospital from April 1984 to July 2001 were included. Male predominated in a ratio of 5:1 and there were 2 neonates. The chief complaints were abdominal pain and distension. Half of the children showed a past history of bloody stools. The average age was 4 year and 9 months. The mean distance from the ileocecal valve to the diverticulum was 60 cm. Average length of the diverticulum was approximately 3 cm and width was 1.7 cm. The perforation site was the tip of the diverticulum in 3 cases, the base in 2 cases and along the lateral border in one. In two patients, ectopic gastric mucosa was found in the specimen. All of the patients were operated upon with a diagnosis of peritonitis of unknown etiology. In conclusion, when a child shows symptoms of acute abdomen or peritonitis, especially in boys, with the history of bloody stools and episodic abdominal pain, perforated MD should be suspected.

Keyword

Meckel's diverticulum; Perforation; Children

MeSH Terms

Abdomen, Acute
Abdominal Pain
Child*
Diagnosis
Diverticulitis
Diverticulum
Gastric Mucosa
Hemorrhage
Humans
Ileocecal Valve
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Intestinal Obstruction
Male
Meckel Diverticulum*
Peptic Ulcer
Peritonitis
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