J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2005 Jul;27(4):365-371.

The study of efficiency of corticotomy in treatment of bimaxillary protrusion

  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Korea. hkg@hanyang.ac.kr
  • 2Ninevil Dental Clinic, Korea.


In esthetic treatment of bimaxillary protrusion, it is important to move backward the anterior teeth segment. For the backward movement of the anterior teeth segment, orthodontic force and segmental osteotomy have been applied on the clinical treatment until recently. These methods caused long treatment time, anchorage loss, the possibility of root resorption and the complication followed by segmental osteotomy. Therefore, corticotomy has become a major concern lately. This research has been conducted to study the efficiency of corticotomy in the treatment of bimaxillary protrusion comparing the profile change, canine retraction velocity and space closing time. The research compared and analyzed space closing time, canine retraction velocity and profile change in two groups of patients. Both groups were formed out of patients over 18 years old who visited the department of dentistry in Hanyang University for treatments. The experimental group who was treated by corticotomy and Skeletal Anchorage System(SAS). The control group who received orthodontic treatment using SAS. The following results are produced after analyzing both groups. The significant statistic difference in space closing time has been observed in the experimental group as compared with the control group(p<0.05). In the experimental group, the significant statistic increase in canine retraction velocity was also observed(p<0.05). There was no significant difference in profile change between the control group and the experimental group(p<0.05). As a result, orthodontic treatment using corticotomy has a reasonable efficiency in space closing time as compared with the existing orthodontic treatment. Therefore, it is concluded that corticotomy with orthodontic treatment can be reasonably applied to dentofacial abnormality.


Corticotomy; Bimaxillary protrusion; Segmental osteotomy; SAS

MeSH Terms

Dentofacial Deformities
Root Resorption
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