J Korean Neurosurg Soc.  2001 Feb;30(2):186-193.

Diagnostic Usefulness of CISS Image in Preoperative Evaluation of Trigeminal Neuralgia and Hemifacial Spasm

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Pusan, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm are caused by vascular compression of the REZ(root entry or exit zone) of the 5th and the 7th cranial nerve. Preoperative detection of neurovascular compression is essential for accurate diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and the good operative results. Three dimensional Fourier Transformation-Constructive Interference in Steady State(3DFT-CISS) images are known to give good contrast between CSF, nerve, and vessels. We applied a 3DFT-CISS imaging technique for the preoperative evaluation of patients with these diseases and estimated the diagnostic accuracy and usefulness of this study.
METHODS
A series of 71 patients with trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm were treated by microvascular decompression. Among them 34 patients with trigeminal neuralgia and 24 patients with hemifacial spasm had preoperative CISS images. We compared the radiologic finding with the operative finding, and analysed the diagnostic usefulness of 3DFT-CISS imaging.
RESULTS
The sensitivity of CISS images of detecting the neurovascular compression was 90.3% in trigeminal neuralgia and 100% in hemifacial spasm. There were one false-positive and three false-negative cases in trigeminal neuralgia, and one false-positive case in hemifacial spasm. The accuracy in diagnosing the causative vessel was 73.5% in trigeminal neuralgia and 83.3% in hemifacial spasm.
CONCLUSION
CISS image is very useful diagnostic tool for preoperative evaluation of neurovascular compression in patients with trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm. No additional neuroradiologic examination other than CISS image and MRA is needed for preoperative evaluation of patients with trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm.

Keyword

Trigeminal neuralgia; Hemifacial spasm; CISS imaging; Microvascular decompression; Neurovascular compression

MeSH Terms

Cranial Nerves
Diagnosis
Hemifacial Spasm*
Humans
Microvascular Decompression Surgery
Trigeminal Neuralgia*
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