J Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofac Assoc.  2011 Oct;12(2):125-128.

Correction of Asymmetric Crying Facies with Botulinum Toxin A Injection: A Case Report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. alfbskan@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Jeju National University College of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Asymmetric crying facies is caused by agenesis or hypoplasia of the depressor anguli oris muscle and is often associated various anomalies. Several static and dynamic surgical interventions have been reported, but their effects are unreliable. We report on the successful use of botulinum toxin A in an asymmetric crying facies patient.
METHODS
A 4-year-old girl presented with a facial asymmetry on crying or smiling. Physical examination revealed that her face had no asymmetry at rest. However, the patient showed characteristic asymmetry when smiling, crying, and with other normal facial movements. Asymmetric crying facies was clinically suspected and the weakness of left depressor anguli oris was present on electrophysiology study. Fifteen units of botulinum toxin type A were injected to the right depressor anguli oris muscle.
RESULTS
The patient showed the prominent improvement in the facial symmetry without significant complication and the effect persisted until 3 months post injection.
CONCLUSION
Asymmetric crying facies was treated successfully with botulinum toxin A and this method was easy and noninvasive.

Keyword

Asymmetric crying facies; Depressor anguli oris muscle; Botulinum toxin A

MeSH Terms

Botulinum Toxins
Botulinum Toxins, Type A
Crying
Electrophysiology
Facial Asymmetry
Facial Paralysis
Facies
Humans
Muscles
Physical Examination
Preschool Child
Smiling
Botulinum Toxins
Botulinum Toxins, Type A
Facial Paralysis
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