Tuberc Respir Dis.  1999 Jan;46(1):136-141. 10.4046/trd.1999.46.1.136.

A Case of Broncholithiasis caused by Aspergillus

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University, Sungnam, Korea.

Abstract

Broncholith is a calcified lymph node which partially or completely erodes into the bronchial lumen and broncholithiasis is a relatively rare condition which related to late tissue response to healing granulomatous pulmonary infections, most commonly histoplasmosis or tuberculosis. The prominent symptoms of broncholithiasis are coughing followed by hemoptysis and symptoms related to bronchial obstruction. The complications include bronchoesophageal fistula and aortotracheal fistula. We report one case of broncholithiasis caused by Aspergillus. The case was a 53 year-old house wife whose chief complaints were recurrent fever, chill and malaise. The chest film revealed an ovoid hazziness on the right middle lobe and chest CT scan showed consolidation of lateral segment of right middle lobe with calcified small low attenuated lesion in right middle lobe bronchus. Aspergillosis confirmed by pathology after bronchoscopic removal of impacted Aspergillus containing muddy plug from lateral segmental branch of right middle lobe bronchus.

Keyword

broncholithiasis; Aspergillus; Right middle lobe
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