J Korean Med Sci.  2013 Jul;28(7):1077-1082. 10.3346/jkms.2013.28.7.1077.

Print Media Coverage of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Content Analysis of Three Major Korean Newspapers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. dkim9289@hanyang.ac.kr
  • 2Traumatic Stress Clinic, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea.

Abstract

The print media is still one of major sources for health-related information. To shed light on how the media accurately delivers information for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we searched the newspaper articles and analyzed their contents for accuracy in the description of symptoms, causes, and treatment of PTSD. The articles featuring PSTD were searched from the very first available to 2010 at on-line search systems of three major Korean newspapers. A total of 123 articles appeared and the first article appeared in 1984. The number of articles steadily increased till the early 2000s but we found the robust increase in the late 2000s. Among the mentioned symptoms of PTSD: re-experience (39%) was most common, followed by avoidance or numbing (28%) and hyperarousal (22%). Of the 29 articles mentioning treatment of PTSD, 13 mentioned psychotherapy only and 11 mentioned both psychotherapy and medication equally. However, the psychotherapies mentioned were non-specific and only five articles mentioned any empirically supported therapies. The number of articles on PTSD in Korean newspapers has continually increased during the last three decades. However, the quality of information on the treatment of PTSD was questionable.

Keyword

Stress Disorder; Post-Traumatic; Newspapers; Advertisements; Public Awareness

MeSH Terms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
*Information Dissemination
Newspapers/*statistics & numerical data
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*epidemiology
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