Korean J Orthod.  2000 Dec;30(6):687-698.

Skeletodental changes during treatment and retention in Class II division 1 malocclusion

  • 1Department of Orthodontics College of Dentistry Wonkwang University, Korea. sangkim@wonkwang.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of skeletodental patterns during Class II treatment and its retention period. Forty two patients of Class II malocclusion, which was treated with nonextraction or first premolar-extraction were selected and their lateral cephalograms were examined in this study. Various skeletodental changes in lateral cephalograms of pre-treatment, post-treatment and retention were measured by superimposition in reference to the cranial base for jaws, the palatal plane for maxillary teeth, and mandibular plane for mandibular teeth. The data were analyzed by paired t-test. In this study, occlusal plane showed the significant anterior downward steepening after active treatment, and remained during retention period. In the nonextraction group, maxillary incisors were retracted and extruded during treatment. Maxillary molars were extruded, and mandibular molars were uprighted, with no mesial movement. In the extraction group, both maxillary and mandibular incisors were retracted and extruded. Maxillary molars were extruded and moved mesially, and mandibular molars were extruded and moved mesially with no mesial tilting. During retention period in both groups, there were tendencies of labial tipping of maxillary incisor, and mesial tipping of maxillary and mandibular molar. But the changes were not significant and most of teeth showed no change in vertical and horizontal direction.


Class II division 1 malocclusion; skeletodental change

MeSH Terms

Dental Occlusion
Skull Base
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