J Korean Assoc Pediatr Surg.  2008 Jun;14(1):21-26.

Clinical Experience with Esophageal Atresia Combined with Duodenal Atresia

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. sckim@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

There is significant morbidity and mortality associated with the combination of esophageal atresia (EA) and duodenal atresia (DA). Nevertheless, the management protocol for the combined anomalies is not well defined. The aim of this study is to review our experience with the combined anomalies of EA and DA. From May 1989 to August 2006, seven neonates were diagnosed as EA with DA at Asan Medical Center. In all cases, the type of EA was proximal EA and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). The diagnosis of DA was made in theprenatal period in 1, at birth in 4, 4 days after birth in 1 (2 days after EA repair) and at postmortem autopsy in 1. Except the one case where DA was missed initially, primary simultaneous repair was attempted. DA repair with gastrostomy followed by EA repair in 2, EA repair followed by DA repair without gastrostomy in 2, and TEF ligation followed by DA repair with gastrostomy in 1. There were two deaths. One baby had a large posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia, and operative repair was not attempted. The other infant who had a TEF ligation and DA repair with gastrostomy expired from cardiac failure due to a large patent ductus arteriosus. Simultaneous repair of EA and DA appears to be an acceptable management approach for the combined anomalies, but more experience would be required for the selection of the primary repair of both anomalies.

Keyword

Esophageal atresia; Duodenal atresia

MeSH Terms

Autopsy
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent
Duodenal Obstruction
Esophageal Atresia
Gastrostomy
Heart Failure
Hernia, Diaphragmatic
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Ligation
Parturition
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Duodenal Obstruction
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