Korean J Cerebrovasc Surg.  2011 Dec;13(4):303-309.

Microsurgical Clipping and Coil Removal of Previously Coiled Regrowing Cerebral Aneurysms

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Ilsan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Goyang, Korea. chleens@paik.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms with detachable coils has proved to be a safe and effective. However, long term result was not satisfactory in less than 30% for regrowth or coil compaction. This paper highlighted the safety and technique of microsurgical clipping and coil removal in previously coiled aneurysms showing recurrence or remnant growth.
METHODS
Sixty two patients from 2007 to 2010 were treated by endovascular coiling. Among them, six patients (9.6%) showed recurrence, who had near complete obliteration initially. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and radiographic images of these patients (male 2, female 4, mean age 46.6) who underwent microsurgical clipping with partial (4 cases) or complete (2 cases) coil removal. Computerized tomographic angiogram (CTA) was performed soon after microsurgical clipping for the evaluation.
RESULTS
Four aneurysms were located at anterior circulation and two were at the posterior circulation. Four patients were detected by routine followed CTA or angiography and one had recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage and another one had severe eyeball pain. Microsurgical treatment were performed about 12.9 months (range: 2~26) after coiling. Complete coil removal was done in two patients. Complete obliteration was performed in all, which were confirmed by postoperative CTA with less coil artifact. All patients attained the same neurological state presented prior to surgery (the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) 4~5).
CONCLUSION
Microsurgical clipping and coil removal following a previous endovascular coil embolization are not so common. However, these would be permanent treatment options without any morbidity in properly selected patients. These are challenging and risky procedure, but necessary to avoid postoperative coil artifact on the follow-up radiologic evaluation.

Keyword

Cerebral aneurysm; Recurrence; Postembolization clipping; Coil removal

MeSH Terms

Aneurysm
Angiography
Artifacts
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Glasgow Outcome Scale
Humans
Intracranial Aneurysm
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
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