J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg.  2013 Apr;39(2):71-76. 10.5125/jkaoms.2013.39.2.71.

Frankfort horizontal plane is an appropriate three-dimensinal reference in the evaluation of clinical and skeletal cant

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hongjr@skku.edu
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
In three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT), the cant is evaluated by measuring the distance between the reference plane (or line) and the tooth. The purpose of this study was to determine the horizontal skeletal reference plane that showed the greatest correlation with clinical evaluation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The subjects were 15 patients who closed their eyes during the CT image taking process. The menton points of all patients deviated by more than 3 mm. In the first evaluation, clinical cant was measured. The distance from the inner canthus to the ipsilateral canine tip and the distance from the eyelid to the ipsilateral first molar were obtained. The distance between the left and right sides was also measured. In the second evaluation, skeletal cant was measured. Six reference planes and one line were used for the evaluation of occlusal cant: 1) FH plane R: Or.R - Or.L - Po.R; 2) FH plane L: Or.R - Or.L - Po.L; 3) F. Ovale plane R: Rt.F.Ovale - Lt.F.Ovale - Or.R; 4) F. Ovale plane L: Rt.F.Ovale - Lt.F.Ovale - Or.L; 5) FZS plane R: Rt.FZS - Lt.FZS - Po.R; 6) FZS plane R: Rt.FZS - Lt.FZS - Po.L, and; 7) FZS line: Rt.FZS - Lt.FZS.
RESULTS
The clinical and skeletal cants were compared using linear regression analysis. The FH plane R, FH plane L, and FZS line showed the highest correlation (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION
The FH plane R and FH plane L are the most appropriate horizontal reference plane in evaluation of occlusal cant on 3D-CT.

Keyword

Facial asymmetry; Cephalometry; Three-dimensional computed tomography

MeSH Terms

Cephalometry
Eye
Eyelids
Facial Asymmetry
Humans
Linear Models
Molar
Tooth
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