Hip Pelvis.  2013 Mar;25(1):6-13. 10.5371/hp.2013.25.1.6.

History of the Artificial Hip Joint

  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea. cmr0426@cu.ac.kr


For several centuries, orthopaedic surgeons have been given the task of managing the pain, limp, and gait disturbance that develop in association with various trauma and diseases of the hip joint. Progress has been made in development of surgical methods for the hip joint, and a recent concept was determined by introduction of the 'Clean Air Operating Enclosure' system and 'low frictional arthroplasty' in total hip arthroplasty (THA) by John Charnley, in 1960. THA has been performed as an exclusive method for hip joint reconstruction. We report on understanding of the current status from the past, present, and future trends with an introduction of the prior method of THA and a discussion of the history.


History; Artificial hip joint

MeSH Terms

Hip Joint


  • Fig. 1 Philip W. Wiles designed the first total hip arthroplasty made of stainless steel.

  • Fig. 2 Original Charnley total hip prosthesis with Teflon cup.

  • Fig. 3 Large head in total hip arthroplasty.


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