Korean J Radiol.  2012 Jun;13(3):283-289. 10.3348/kjr.2012.13.3.283.

Value of CT in the Discrimination of Fatal from Non-Fatal Stercoral Colitis

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Emergency and Critical Care Radiology, Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan. ycwong@adm.cgmh.org.tw
  • 2Division of Trauma and Emergency, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan.
  • 3Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Clinical presentation and physical signs may be unreliable in the diagnosis of stercoral colitis (SC). This study evaluates the value of computed tomography (CT) in distinguishing fatal from non-fatal SC.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Ten patients diagnosed as SC were obtained from inter-specialist conferences. Additional 13 patients with suspected SC were identified via the Radiology Information System (RIS). These patients were divided into two groups; fatal and non-fatal SCs. Their CT images are reviewed by two board-certified radiologists blinded to the clinical data and radiographic reports.
RESULTS
SC occurred in older patients and displayed no gender predisposition. There was significant correlation between fatal SC and CT findings of dense mucosa (p = 0.017), perfusion defects (p = 0.026), ascites (p = 0.023), or abnormal gas (p = 0.033). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of dense mucosa were 71%, 86%, and 81%, respectively. These figures were 75%, 79%, and 77% for perfusion defects; 75%, 80%, and 78% for ascites; and 50%, 93%, and 78% for abnormal gas, respectively. Each CT sign of mucosal sloughing and pericolonic abscess displayed high specificity of 100% and 93% for diagnosing fatal SC, respectively. However, this did not reach statistical significance in diagnosing fatal SC.
CONCLUSION
CT appears to be valuable in discriminating fatal from non-fatal SC.

Keyword

Fecaloma; Stercoral colitis; Computed tomography; Fatality

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Chi-Square Distribution
Colitis/mortality/*radiography
Contrast Media/diagnostic use
Diagnosis, Differential
Fecal Impaction/mortality/*radiography
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
Statistics, Nonparametric
Tomography, X-Ray Computed/*methods
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