Yonsei Med J.  2011 Jan;52(1):181-187. 10.3349/ymj.2011.52.1.181.

Perception and Performance of Preventive Behaviors for the Pandemic Influenza in Hospital Employees and Outpatients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea. hweesoo@yahoo.co.kr
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Deagu, Korea.
  • 3Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Deagu, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
A new strain of the H1N1 subtype of influenza A virus resulted in a pandemic outbreak. In South Korea, cases of pandemic influenza have increased. Therefore, we explored perception or preventive behaviors for this virus in hospital employees and outpatients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Data was collected from hospital employees and outpatients at three university hospitals located in Daegu, Gyeongju in South Korea between the 21st and 30th of September, 2009 using a self-administrated questionnaire. We estimated perception by components of The Health Belief Model (HBM), preventive behaviors consisted of avoidance behaviors, and the recommended behaviors by the Korea Center of Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). Desire for vaccination was identified.
RESULTS
The 1,837 participants comprised hospital employees (n = 880, 47.9%) and outpatients (n = 957, 52.1%). Of all hospital employees, 491 (55.8%) and 708 (80.5%) perceived susceptibility of the pandemic influenza and benefits of the preventive behaviors, respectively. Among all outpatients, 490 (51.2%) and 651 (68.0%) perceived susceptibility of the pandemic influenza and benefits of the preventive behaviors, respectively. Recommended preventative behaviors were adopted by 674 (76.6%) of hospital employees and 631 (65.9%) of outpatients. Vaccination was desired by 479 (54.4%) of hospital employees and 484 (50.6%) of outpatients. Factors influencing preventative behaviors included gender, economic status (for hospital employees) and educational level (for outpatients). All HBM components except perception of barriers were associated with the preventive behaviors in both groups.
CONCLUSION
The majority of the surveyed hospital employees and outpatients perceived the benefits of preventive behaviors for pandemic influenza and performed them.

Keyword

Influenza A virus; H1NI subtype; perception; behavior

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Adult
Female
Hospitals/statistics & numerical data
Humans
*Influenza, Human
Male
Middle Aged
Outpatients/*psychology/*statistics & numerical data
*Pandemics
Personnel, Hospital/*psychology/*statistics & numerical data
Republic of Korea
Young Adult
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