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893 results

Phagocytic osteoclasts in the alveolar bone of diabetic rats with periodontitis

Bak EJ, Kim AR, Kim JH, Yoo YJ

Periodontitis is a bacteria-induced inflammatory disease associated with alveolar bone loss. Osteoclast is a macrophage-lineage cell that exhibits phagocytic activity; however, osteoclast phagocytic activity has not been demonstrated under pathological...
Factors Affecting Collaborations between a Tertiary-level Emergency Department and Community-based Mental Healthcare Centers for Managing Suicide Attempts

Kim D, Lee WJ, Woo SH, Kim SH, Seo AR, Yoon Hj, Choi SP

Background: Community-based active contact and follow-up are known to be effective in reducing the risk of repeat suicide attempts among patients admitted to emergency departments after attempting suicide. However, the...
Trends of Sensitization to Inhalant Allergens in Korean Children Over the Last 10 Years

Kim YJ, Lee MY, Yang AR, Sol IS, Kwak JH, Jung HL, Shim JW, Kim DS, Shim JY

Purpose: Climate and lifestyle changes increase an individual’s susceptibility to various allergens and also the incidence of allergic diseases. We aimed to examine the changes in sensitization rate for aeroallergens...
Understanding Muscle Protein Dynamics: Technical Considerations for Advancing Sarcopenia Research

Kim IY, Park S, Jang J, Wolfe RR

Sarcopenia, which is the loss of muscle mass and strength that occur with aging, involves imbalanced muscle protein turnover (i.e., protein breakdown exceeding synthesis), which in turn exacerbates other clinical...
Pre-Transplant Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Antibodies and Anti-Endothelial Cell Antibodies Predict Graft Function and Allograft Rejection in a Low-Risk Kidney Transplantation Setting

Yu S, Huh HJ, Lee KW, Park JB, Kim SJ, Huh W, Jang HR, Kwon GY, Moon HH, Kang ES

Background: Non-HLA antibodies, anti-angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (anti-AT1R) and anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA), are known to play a role in allograft rejection. We evaluated the role of both...
Response to Inhaled Nitric Oxide and Clinical Outcome in Very Low Birth Weight Infants with Early Pulmonary Hypertension

Cho JY, Lee BS, Oh MY, Cha T, Jeong J, Jung E, Kim AR, Kim KS

Purpose: To determine the efficacy of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with early pulmonary hypertension (PH). Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 22 preterm...
Effects of Air Purifiers on Patients with Allergic Rhinitis: a Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, and Placebo-Controlled Study

Park KH, Sim DW, Lee SC, Moon S, Choe E, Shin H, Kim SR, Lee JH, Park HH, Huh D, Park JW

Purpose: Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is a well-known risk factor in the triggering and exacerbation of allergic airway disease. Indoor environments, where people spend most of their time, are...
Inhibition of Ceramide Accumulation in Podocytes by Myriocin Prevents Diabetic Nephropathy

Woo CY, Baek JY, Kim AR, Hong CH, Yoon JE, Kim HS, Yoo HJ, Park TS, Kc R, Lee KU, Koh EH

Background: Ceramides are associated with metabolic complications including diabetic nephropathy in patients with diabetes. Recent studies have reported that podocytes play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Also,...
Toolkit to Compute Time-Based Elixhauser Comorbidity Indices and Extension to Common Data Models

Syed S, Baghal A, Prior F, Zozus M, Al-Shukri S, Syeda HB, Garza M, Begum S, Gates K, Syed M, Sexton KW

Objectives: The time-dependent study of comorbidities provides insight into disease progression and trajectory. We hypothesize that understanding longitudinal disease characteristics can lead to more timely intervention and improve clinical outcomes....
T Cells Modified with CD70 as an Alternative Cellular Vaccine for Antitumor Immunity

Lee SE, Shin AR, Sohn HJ, Cho HI, Kim TG

Purpose Successful tumor eradication primarily depends on generation and maintenance of a large population of tumor-reactive CD8 T cells. Dendritic cells (DCs) are well-known potent antigen-presenting cells and have applied to...
Barriers related to Walking Activity according to the Age Group of Rural residents

Kim B, Lee GY, Seo AR, Kim MJ, Seo SH, Park KS

Objective: This study aimed to report the relationship between walking activity and perceived physical activity barriers after classifying the age group(≤64, 65-74, ≥75). Methods: The subjects were conducted on 1500 residents...
Cathelicidin-related Antimicrobial Peptide Contributes to Host Immune Responses Against Pulmonary Infection with Acinetobacter baumannii in Mice

Kang MJ, Jang AR, Park JY, Ahn JH, Lee TS, Kim DY, Jung DH, Song EJ, Hong JJ, Park JH

Acinetobacter baumannii is known for its multidrug antibiotic resistance. New approaches to treating drug-resistant bacterial infections are urgently required. Cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) is a murine antimicrobial peptide that exerts...
Change in fibrinogen levels and severe postoperative bleeding in cardiac surgery

Kim EJ, Kim JY, Kim HY, Hwang BY, Cho AR, Jung YH, Baek SH, Hong JM

Thromboelastography or rotational thromboelastometry, is being increasingly utilized in cardiac surgery of late. However, it is an indirect test and is not available in all centers. Low fibrinogen levels before...
Radioisotope-ADME studies of Trastuzumab-monomethyl auristatin F in tumor bearing mice and healthy marmosets

Lee HW, Jeong YH, Hwang JA, Lee JJ, Yu AR, Kang JA, Raza MA, Park SH, Park YH, Kim DH

Radioisotope ADME (RI-ADME) studies are enabling visualization of the biodistribution in molecular imaging. We applied RI-ADME to investigate the tumor targeting capacity and biodistribution of trastuzumab-monomethyl auristatin F (LCB14-0110) in...
Effects of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate-Platelet-rich Plasma Versus Hyaluronic Acid on Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Lee BC, Kim AR, Kim EK, Kim SJ, Kim SJ

Objective: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of the bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC)- platelet-rich plasma (PRP) complex with hyaluronic acid in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Method: Thirty-four patients with knee...
Concealed congenital long QT syndrome during velopharyngeal dysfunction correction: a case report

Jeon S, Lee HJ, Jung Yh, Do W, Cho AR, Baik J, Lee DW, Kim EJ, Kim E, Hong JM

The congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited cardiac disorder characterized by increased QT intervals and a tendency to experience ventricular tachycardia, which can cause fainting, heart failure, or...
Transformation of Mature Osteoblasts into Bone Lining Cells and RNA Sequencing-Based Transcriptome Profiling of Mouse Bone during Mechanical Unloading

Hong AR, Kim K, Lee JY, Yang JY, Kim JH, Shin CS, Kim SW

Background: We investigated RNA sequencing-based transcriptome profiling and the transformation of mature osteoblasts into bone lining cells (BLCs) through a lineage tracing study to better understand the effect of mechanical...
Low Predictive Value of FRAX Adjusted by Trabecular Bone Score for Osteoporotic Fractures in Korean Women: A Community-Based Cohort Study

Kim H, Kim JH, Kim MJ, Hong AR, Choi H, Ku E, Lee JH, Shin CS, Cho NH

Background: The value of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) and the trabecular bone score (TBS) for assessing osteoporotic fracture risk has not been fully elucidated in Koreans. We conducted...
Acute Stroke Care in Korea in 2013–2014: National Averages and Disparities

Kim JY, Lee KJ, Kang J, Kim BJ, Kim SE, Oh H, Park HK, Cho YJ, Park JM, Park KY, Lee KB, Lee SJ, Kim T, Lee JS, Lee J, Yang KH, Choi AR, Kang MY, Bae HJ

Background: This study aimed to describe the current status of acute stroke care in Korea and explore disparities among hospitals and regions. Methods: The 2013 and 2014 national stroke audit data...
Successful Pallidal Stimulation in a Patient with KMT2B-Related Dystonia

Mun JK, Kim AR, Ahn JH, Kim M, Cho JW, Lee JI, Cho KR, Youn J

Although the KMT2B gene was identified as a causative gene for early-onset generalized dystonia, the efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in KMT2B-related dystonia has not been clearly elucidated. Here,...

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