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Determining the Neurocognitive Status and the Functional Ability of Patients to Screen for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND)

Agarwal R, Aujla RS, Gupta A, Kumar M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To adequately evaluate the extent of neurocognitive impairment in patient living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), a battery of neuropsychological tests is typically administered which are neither...
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Influence of traditional medicines on the activity of keratinocytes in wound healing: an in-vitro study

Kotian SR, Bhat KM, Padma D, Pai KS

Natural medicinal systems such as Ayurveda and folk medicine has remedies for wound management. However, the exact cellular and extracellular mechanisms involved in the healing process and its influence on...
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Time–frequency localization using three-tap biorthogonal wavelet filter bank for electrocardiogram compressions

Kumar A, Komaragiri R, Kumar M

A joint time–frequency localized three-band biorthogonal wavelet filter bank to compress Electrocardiogram signals is proposed in this work. Further, the use of adaptive thresholding and modified run-length encoding resulted in...
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Laparoscopic transperitoneal heminephrectomy for treatment of the nonfunctioning moiety of duplex kidney in adults: A case series

Singh M, Agarwal S, Goel A, Kumar M, Sharma A, Pandey S, Sankhwar S

PURPOSE: We report the results and experience of a tertiary care center in laparoscopic transperitoneal heminephrectomy for the treatment of a non-functioning upper pole moiety of duplex kidney in adults. MATERIALS...
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Reference range of random urinary calcium creatinine ratio in North Indian children and adolescents

Marwaha RK, Garg MK, Dang N, Mithal A, Narang A, Chadha A, Gupta N, Kumar MR

PURPOSE: Urinary calcium creatinine ratio (UCaCrR) is a reliable indicator for monitoring hypercalciuria following vitamin D supplementation. However, the reference range varies from region to region. Previous studies did not...
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Quick Sequential (Sepsis related) Organ Failure Assessment: A high performance rapid prognostication tool in patients having acute pyelonephritis with upper urinary tract calculi

Pandey S, Sankhwar S, Goel A, Kumar M, Aggarwal A, Sharma D, Agarwal S, Pandey T

PURPOSE: To analyze the utility of quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) in patients with uro-sepsis due to acute pyelonephritis (APN) with upper urinary tract calculi, we conducted this study....
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Efficient QRS complex detection algorithm based on Fast Fourier Transform

Kumar A, Ranganatham R, Komaragiri R, Kumar M

An ECG signal, generally filled with noise, when de-noised, enables a physician to effectively determine and predict the condition and health of the heart. This paper aims to address the...
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Physicians' Understanding of Nutritional Factors Determining Brain Development and Cognition in the Middle East and Africa

Vandenplas Y, Rakhecha A, Edris A, Shaaban B, Tawfik E, Bashiri FA, AlAql F, Alsabea H, Haddad J, El Barbary M, Salah M, Abouelyazid M, Kumar M, Alsaad S

PURPOSE: Proper nutrition is essential for brain development during infancy, contributing to the continued development of cognitive, motor, and socio-emotional skills throughout life. Considering the insufficient published data in the...
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A prospective study evaluating impact on renal function following percutaneous nephrolithotomy using Tc99m ethylenedicysteine renal scan: Does multiplicity of access tracts play a role?

Yadav R, Agarwal S, Sankhwar S, Goel A, Kumar M, Singh M, Aeron R, Kumar V

PURPOSE: A prospective study evaluating impact of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on renal function following PCNL using ethylenedicysteine (EC) renal scan. Does multiplicity of access tracts play a role? MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Unplanned 30-day readmission rates in patients undergoing endo-urological surgeries for upper urinary tract calculi

Kumar M, Pandey S, Aggarwal A, Sharma D, Garg G, Agarwal S, Sharma A, Sankhwar S

PURPOSE: To see the 30-day unplanned readmission rates in patients underdoing endo-urological surgeries for upper urinary tract calculi we conducted this retrospective study at King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India....
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Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Different Origin-Seeded Bioceramic Construct in Regeneration of Bone Defect in Rabbit

Maiti SK, Shivakumar MU, Mohan D, Kumar N, Singh KP

BACKGROUND: Stem cell is currently playing a major role in the treatment of number of incurable diseases via transplantation therapy. The objective of this study was to determine the osteogenic...
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What do patients with urothelial cancer know about the association of their tumor disease with smoking habits? Results of a German survey study

May M, Fritsche H, Gilfrich C, Dombrowski M, Maurer O, Spachmann , Kumar MG, Bjurlin M, Burger M, Brookman-May S

PURPOSE: Smoking represents a primary risk factor for the development of urothelial carcinoma (UC) and a relevant factor impacting UC-specific prognosis. Data on the accordant knowledge of UC-patients in this...
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Google Search Trends Predicting Disease Outbreaks: An Analysis from India

Verma M, Kishore K, Kumar M, Sondh AR, Aggarwal G, Kathirvel

OBJECTIVES: Prompt detection is a cornerstone in the control and prevention of infectious diseases. The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project of India identifies outbreaks, but it does not exactly predict outbreaks....
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Adjacent Disc Stress Following Floating Lumbar Spine Fusion: A Finite Element Study

Srinivas G, Kumar MN, Deb A

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PURPOSE: The study aimed to develop a finite element (FE) model to determine the stress on the discs adjacent to the fused segment following different types of...
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Serotonin reuptake inhibitors and bone health: A review of clinical studies and plausible mechanisms

Wadhwa R, Kumar M, Talegaonkar S, Vohora D

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are currently the treatment of choice in depression and constitute major portion of prescription in depressive patients. The role of serotonin receptors in bone is...
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BRIP1/FANCJ Mutation Analysis in a Family with History of Male and Female Breast Cancer in India

Venkateshwari A, Clark DW, Nallari P, Vinod C, Kumarasamy T, Reddy G, Jyothy A, Kumar MV, Ramaiyer R, Palle K

Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare and poorly studied disease that is a growing global health problem. Interestingly, both the molecular basis of MBC and its histological profile are...
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Lateralization of Tibial Plateau Reference Point Improves Accuracy of Tibial Resection in Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients with Proximal Tibia Vara

Thippana R, Kumar MN

BACKGROUND: The tibial cut referenced to the center of the intercondylar eminence often leads to varus malalignment in the presence of preexisting proximal tibia vara. The purpose of this study...
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Understanding the Pathogenesis of Zika Virus Infection Using Animal Models

Krause KK, Azouz F, Shin OS, Kumar M

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of Flaviviridae family that has emerged as a pathogen of significant public health importance. The rapid expansion of ZIKV in the South and Central...
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Phytotoxicity of glyphosate in the germination of Pisum sativum and its effect on germinated seedlings

Mondal S, Kumar M, Haque S, Kundu D

The present study evaluated the effects of glyphosate on Pisum sativum germination as well as its effect on the physiology and biochemistry of germinated seedlings. Different physico-chemical biomarkers, viz., chlorophyll,...
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Hypercalcemia as Initial Presentation of Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of Gastric Origin: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Kumar M, Kumar A, Kumar V, Kaur S, Maroules M

Hypercalcemia of malignancy due to metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma is extremely rare; in fact, to the best of our knowledge, only three case reports of hypercalcemia associated with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma...
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